What is a PhD, How is it done?
Do you already have a master’s degree and want to take your education to the next level? Then a PhD degree is for you!
What is a PhD?
A PhD postgraduate academic degree completed by universities and higher education institutions based on extensive and original research in students’ chosen field. PhD. Which comes from the French word ‘doctorat’, used as PhD in English. Upon completion of the PhD degree, Ph.D. a Doctor of Philosophy diploma awarded. Ph.D. It stands for Doctor of Philosophy and is an abbreviation of the Latin term ‘philosophiae doctor’.
If you confused about the concepts of doctorate or PhD. let us state that those who completed their doctorate degree should get the highest known scientific title, namely a PhD, in order to become a doctor. At the same time, when you apply for doctoral education abroad, you often encounter the word ‘doctorate’ with PhD. It is also used to mean a doctorate degree. But the point you need to pay attention to here is that while every PhD is a not every PhD is a PhD. Because there are different types of doctorates that vary according to the field you study abroad.
What are the most common doctoral degrees?
The most common type of doctorate degree is the PhD, or Doctor of Philosophy. However, when you decide to pursue a doctorate, it is certain that you will encounter a wide variety of doctoral degrees in different fields. Broadly speaking, overseas doctoral degrees divided into two main groups: research-oriented doctorates and applied doctorates.
A research-oriented doctorate known as a PhD, or Doctor of Philosophy, and some common research-oriented doctorates include:
PhD – Doctor of Philosophy
EngD – Doctor of Engineering
EdD – Doctor of Education
DA – Doctor of Arts
MD – Doctor of Medicine
DArch – Doctor of Architecture
Practical professional doctorate programs are more suitable for those who have career development goals. Unlike the academy-focused research doctorate, the professional doctoral curriculum will encourage you to tackle real-world problems in your field, conduct research, and offer a solution.
DBA – Doctor of Business Administration
DPH – Doctor of Finance
PharmD – Doctor of Pharmacy
DSW – Doctor of Social Work
Do you need a master’s degree to pursue a PhD?
Most study abroad institutions require candidates for a master’s degree. However, some universities also allow students to progress directly from undergraduate degrees to doctoral degrees. In this respect, it would be useful to research whether master’s degrees are a criterion for doctorate. E.g; US doctoral programs require a master’s degree, but are optional at some universities in Australia.
How many years of study abroad?
A full-time doctoral degree generally takes 3 to 4 years if you have a master’s degree. If you study for a doctorate, also known as an integrated doctorate, which covers both a master’s and a doctorate, this period varies between 4 and 8 years. While some programs require completion of a research thesis, online doctoral programs can be completed without a research subject.
Who can do a PhD?
Admission requirements for overseas doctoral programs generally include candidates’ grades in both undergraduate and graduate degrees and their potential research abilities. In some cases, just a master’s degree will suffice. Whether your grades are average or high is mostly require for the funds or scholarships you apply to finance your doctorate. Lower grades may also apply if you are going to finance yourself. At the same time, you may need to meet the required grades for some exams such as GRE, LSAT or MAT.
Check out our content on Why Pathway Program?, How to Apply for a Masters Abroad?, Differences Between MA and MSc.
In general, the requirements for doctoral applications and doctorate are as follows;
Language proficiency – Requirements for doctoral programs abroad can vary by university or course of study, and most will require proof of proficiency. In this respect, you may need IELTS or TOEFL test scores.
Academic references – Some universities may require 2 or 3 references from undergraduate or graduate teachers or your professors for PhD applications.
Curriculum Vitae – This is more about a résumé that contains some of the information required for a PhD application. such as undergraduate or postgraduate work experience, internships, research projects or publications in which you have been involved.
Motivation letter – Many universities offering doctoral studies abroad ask candidates for a short essay in which they can demonstrate their passion for their chosen subject. You explain the reasons for your doctoral education, your extracurricular activities and why you chose that department.
Research proposal – The research project proposal is undoubtedly the most important part of your application. You will dedicate your life to this, so you need to prepare well and define exactly what your goals are:
Why should you do a PhD?
If you want to teach at a higher education institution or want to advance in your career, doctoral programs will be a serious investment in your future. Therefore, this should be the first question you can ask yourself when considering and preparing for a PhD. So, why should you study a PhD?
specializing in an area
stay at university
Gain valuable skills
breadth of mind and knowledge
Contributing to a specific field of research
How much does a PhD abroad cost?
Tuition fees vary for students who wish to pursue a doctorate abroad. The PhD can be either funded or self-financed. Once you have written your proposal outlining what you want to study and why it is important, a funded PhD will be funded by an institution. A self-financed PhD is when a student uses their own funds, receives financial support from their family, or is studying.